Information taken from Marudi’s Fort Hose (Baram District’s Museum)
The Kenyah migrated to the Baram from Balungan in Indonesia Borneo.They inhabited the lower and upper basin, among other places; Long Sebatu, Long Akah, Long Ulai, Long Kaput and Long Pasong. A later group from Bukit Burak settled in Lepo Ka’aung, Lepo Gak, Lapo Tau, Lepo Ayak and numerous places in the Baram and Tinjar rivers respectively.
The Kenyah build tall wooden longhouses with roofs of wood shingle.
The longhouse is built by the inhabitants themelves and are normally sited on high elevations near the river bank. The Kenyah are stratified community with the noble family known as ikelau the commoners are called panyen. The Kenyah consist of many tribes and clans collectively called Lepa, Badong, Uma, Berawan, Sebop, Umang, Sening and Murik.
The planting of hill padi on a swidden cycle is the main agricultural activity of the Kenyah. Other cash crops planted are rubber, pepper, cocoa and coffee. The traditional Kenyah practise the adet while some have accepted Christianity.
The Kenyah are very good at making of decorative art work and handicrafts. These include the carvings on wood,
deer horns on sword-handles,
painting of shield,
the production of large designs of low reliefs on wood to adorn houses,
padi huts, gun wales of boats and tombs.
The Sebop are expert in making carved doors with animal motifs.
Bead works are used to decorate sa’ ong hats,
bo’ baby carriers.
The Kenyah musical instruments consist of the sape,
kedirek (mouth organ),
The long dance or datun julut is a hornbill feathers dance while sagah ngayau is a one man war-dance. These activities may be done with songs during the festive occasions, merry making time and when welcoming guests to the village.
Johnson, M. A. Woodcarvings. Retrieved from http://www.markajohnson.com/ex_SF-2007a.JPG
Art Gallery of NSW. (2010). Deer horn sword handle. Retrieved from http://m.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/media/collection_images/5/541.2010%23%23S.jpg
Ebay. Kenyah Bead Work. Retrieved from http://i.ebayimg.com/00/s/NDk2WDc0Ng==/$(KGrHqN,!rcFBFMqbeQ0BQUbwMsgIg~~60_3.JPG
National Gallery of Australia. (n.d.)Warrior shield. Retrieved from http://nga.gov.au/exhibition/LIFEDEATHMAGIC/Images/400/198696.jpg
Ebay. (n.d.) Six Museum Quality Door Wall Panel Borneo Home Rest House Garden Architecture. Retrieved from http://borneoartifact.com/images/WD052g.JPG
Borneo Artifact. (2010). Large Kayan Sa’ong Hat Bead & Nipah Borneo Artifact #3. Retrieved from http://borneoartifact.com/images/AW0150c.JPG
David Said P/L. (2012). Borneo Baby Carrier. Retrieved from http://www.tribalartbrokers.net/praisetribal/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/borneo_baby_carrier_151__4212-244×300.jpg
Penemuruai.com. (2009). Kenyah Beads?”Ino pu`un”- Kenyah Language. Retrieved from http://img1.photographersdirect.com/img/9540/wm/pd468679.jpg
Melody of Borneo. (n.d.) The Sape’ in the Musical Life of the Orang Ulu – Part 1. Retrieved from http://melodyofborneo.blog.com/files/2011/08/keluri.jpg
Di’s Travelogue Blog. (2011). Post 7: Going Batty On Borneo! Retrieved from http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-a9pqZnLgxcI/Th9D0lWq4mI/AAAAAAAAAJE/E_Sco34PI1s/s400/blowing+nose+flute.JPG
Britannia.com. (n.d.) Kenyah boys playing jatung utang. Retrieved from http://media-1.web.britannica.com/eb-media/44/113044-004-A897BEA1.jpg
Fascinating Malaysia. Tetawak. Retrieved from http://www.fascinatingmalaysia.com/gifs/unik/tanak.gif